7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

After fighting several wars together, the European countries were finally able to form a union. The next logical step was cooperation in the field of military research and development. It was since the formation of the European Union that various military projects came out of this union, which led to the production of numerous fighter jets. Fighter jets are a key part of the Air Force because they provide the security and protection that ground forces need. These fighters, which are mainly designed for air-to-air combat against the enemy’s air force, their main tactical goal is to create air superiority in order to protect the country’s airspace against threats.

7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

A fighter jet is actually a fixed-wing aircraft used by the military, which is primarily built for aerial combat maneuvers against enemy aircraft. In addition to its key firepower capability, this military aircraft represents high-speed performance and maneuverability in conditions that establish air superiority in a nation’s airspace. Achieving air superiority that leads to victory depends on several factors such as the skill of the pilot, the strategies employed by the fighter, and the number and performance of the fighter jets. So it all starts with the technology that the pilot has. When it comes to air battles, American fighters have always been the pioneers. But despite being less well-known compared to their American counterparts, European fighter jets are also very remarkable in terms of efficiency, capability and performance.

7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

Until the First World War, the countries that are now members of NATO developed their armies mostly independently. Between World War I and World War II, Germany made a huge investment in its air force Luftwaffe But these days, the development of the military industry is a common thing between the member states of the European Union. In recent years, Spain, in cooperation with France and Germany, has been able to build a new generation of warplanes, and Europe’s overall defense power has greatly increased. There is another big new project between the three countries, which aims to complete a fighter that will replace the two legendary middleweight European fighters, Typhoon and Rafale, by 2040. But in this article, we want to introduce you to 7 of the best European fighter jets.

7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

1- Dassault Mirage III

The Dassault Mirage III fighter jet is an interceptor aircraft and the first Western European fighter jet to exceed Mach 2 in horizontal flight. The most successful version of the Mirage family made its first flight on November 17, 1956. This fighter was usually equipped with various types of air-to-ground weapons or short-range R.550 Magic air-to-air missiles. This single-engine, single-seat fighter-bomber has the Cyrano radar with additional air-to-ground capabilities, which manages the autonomous navigation system and enables low-altitude attack.

Also, this fighter has advanced navigation equipment, a tactical air navigation system and a Doppler radar. The Mirage III had a top speed of 1,270 knots (2,350 km/h) at an altitude of 39,000 feet and an operational range of 650 nautical miles (1,204 km). The fighter used a SNECMA Atar 09C afterburning turbojet engine and a SEPR 841 liquid fuel rocket engine.

7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

2- SEPECAT Jaguar

The SEPECAT Jaguar is technically an attack fighter, but it deserves a place on this list because of its success. This fighter was the result of a joint project between the British Royal Air Force and the French Air Force. In Europe, Jaguar was in service from 1973 to 2005 in France and until 2007 in the UK. This plane was exported to many countries in the Middle East, Africa and South America. A total of 543 of these fighters were built and some of them are still in service in the Indian Air Force. In Europe, the SEPECAT Jaguar was replaced by the Eurofighter Typhoon, Panavia Tornado and Dassault Rafale.

7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

3- Panavia Tornado

The Panavia Tornado fighter is a multi-role and attack rotary wing fighter that was developed by three powerful European countries, Italy, Great Britain and West Germany. This fighter made its first flight on August 14, 1974 and entered service in 1979. In total, three major versions of the Tornado were built: the Tornado IDS (offensive/deterrent) fighter-bomber, the Tornado ECR (for suppressing enemy air defense systems, which turned it into a special electronic warfare fighter with the ability to perform reconnaissance missions). and Tornado ADV, which was the suitable version of air defense and had the role of interceptor. This variable-rotor multirole fighter was designed to perform best as a low-altitude supersonic attack fighter.

The fighter has a cabin with two seats side by side, the Tornado Advanced Radar Information Display System (TARDIS) and an Automatic Flight Guidance and Flight System (AFDS). Tornado fighter was equipped with Mauser Bk-27 rotary cannon, AIM-9 Sidewinder or AIM-132 ASRAAM air-to-air missiles, AGM-65 Maverick, Brimstone or Strom Shadow missiles and ALARM anti-radiation missiles. The maximum speed of this fighter was 1,300 knots (2,405 km/h) at an altitude of 30,000 feet. Its operational range was 750 nautical miles (1,390 km) and its flight range was 2,100 nautical miles (3,890 km). This fighter could fly up to 50,000 feet.

7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

4- Dassault Mirage 2000

The Dassault Mirage 2000 is a fourth-generation multirole fighter developed in the late 1970s. This French fighter jet was developed by Dassault Aviation as a replacement for the Mirage III. The first prototype of this fighter made its first flight on March 10, 1978 and has been in service with the French Air Force since 1984. Mirage 2000 has a triangular wing structure in order to have the best conditions in terms of fuel transportation, and it is the first aircraft manufactured by the French company Dassault, which uses fly-by-wire control technology. Also, this fighter has a HOTAS control system, i.e. joystick control, head-up display and CRT screens in the cockpit.

The French fighter jet is designed to carry a variety of missiles such as the MBDA MICA IR/RF, Matra R550 Magic-II and Super 530D air-to-air missiles, as well as the Am.39 Exocet air-to-air missiles. The maximum speed of this fighter jet is 1,261 knots (2,335 km/h) at high altitude and 600 knots (1,111 km/h) at water level. The Mirage 2000 can fly at an altitude of 55,970 feet and has an operational range of 850 nautical miles (1,573 km).

7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

5- Dassault Rafale

The Dassault Rafale fighter is a multipurpose fighter developed by the French company Dassault Aviation. The development of this fighter began in the late 1970s, and its first version flew on July 4, 1986. This fighter is designed to demonstrate air superiority, air deterrence, air reconnaissance operations, close air support, anti-surface warfare and nuclear warfare. The Rafale has a fully optimized fuselage with triangular wings and short-spaced ailerons, which are critical for combat air performance.

Also, this fighter benefits from multiple intelligent and capable separate sensors, multi-sensor data combination, various highly advanced weapons, internal support power and operational readiness and low operational cost. This fighter jet can fly at an altitude of 50,000 feet with a maximum speed of 1,032 knots (1,910 km/h). Its combat range is 1,000 nautical miles (1,852 km) in penetration operations with three anti-tank missiles, two SCALP EG or general long-range cruise missiles and two MICA or interception, engagement or self-defense missiles.

7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

6- Saab JAS 39 Gripen

Saab JAS 39 Gripen d is a Swedish light multipurpose fighter jet manufactured by Saab Group. Studies related to the development of a combat aircraft that can simultaneously play the role of fighter, attack and aerial reconnaissance began in 1979. The first example of this aircraft flew on December 9, 1988 and entered the service of the Swedish Air Force in 1996. Newer examples are built for NATO member states and feature a fully digital cockpit, multi-frequency data link networking, an advanced Saab Avitronics EP-17 electronic display package, PS-05/A pulse-Doppler radar and identification system. TSC 2000 is friend or foe.

Also, this Swedish fighter is equipped with a rotating Mauser BK-27 cannon, rockets, missiles and bombs. The JAS 39 Gripen can fly up to a maximum speed of 1,330 knots (2,460 km/h). Its operational and flight range is 810 nautical miles (1,500 km) and 2,200 nautical miles (4,075 km), respectively. This multipurpose fighter can fly up to 52,000 feet.

7 of the best fighter jets made in Europe

7- Eurofighter Typhoon

The Eurofighter Typhoon is a multi-purpose aircraft whose development began in 1983 and is the largest product manufactured by several countries. The first prototype of this aircraft flew on March 27, 1994, and the name Typhoon was chosen for it in September 1998. This fighter, which was the most advanced multi-purpose fighter jet of the new generation in the world, has the ability to fire air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles at the same time. Typhoon is a highly agile fighter that derives from its stability, an aircraft specially designed to perform best at low and supersonic speeds.

This fighter has four fly-by-wire flight control systems, Defensive Aids Sub system and weapons such as Mauser BK-27 rotary cannon, air-to-air and air-to-surface missiles as well as bombs. The maximum speed of this European fighter is 1,347 knots (2,492 km/h) and it can fly up to an altitude of 65,000. Its operational range is 750 nautical miles (1,390 km) with 10 minutes of loitering and ground attack capability, or 100 nautical miles (185 km) with 3 hours of support and air combat.

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