Project Gemini It was one of NASA’s space projects before the mission Apollo Occurred. This project was designed as a stepping stone to landing on the moon. The aim of each of the Gemina spacecraft was to improve and optimize the knowledge of space travel in different fields.
Jamina Mission 12
Gemini 12 It was the 10th and last flight of the Gemini series, which was launched on November 11, 1966, bridging the gap between the Mercury and Apollo programs.
Spacecraft and subsystems Gemina spacecraft was a cone-shaped capsule that consisted of two components, the re-entry module and the adapter module.
The adapter module formed the base of the spacecraft. The re-entry module consisted mainly of a pressurized cabin that housed the two Gemini astronauts.
This mission carries two astronauts Jim Lowell And Edwin Buzz Aldrin It was supposed to meet and dock with the Ajna target vehicle. Guard station exercise, spacewalk, anchor maneuvers, Ajna orbit change, as well as 14 scientific, medical and technological experiments were part of this mission.
The Gemini program was primarily designed to test mission equipment and procedures in Earth orbit and train astronauts for future Apollo missions.
The general objectives of the Gemina programs were: long-duration flights, rendezvous and docking of two vehicles in Earth orbit, development of operational skills of flight and ground crews, conducting experiments in space, operations outside the vehicle and active control of the re-entry flight path to reach Exact landing point.
Each Gemini mission carries two astronauts into Earth orbit for periods ranging from 5 hours to 14 days. The program consisted of 10 manned launches, 2 unmanned launches and 7 target vehicles, with a total cost of $1,280 million.
All the initial objectives of the Gemina 12 mission were successfully completed except for the maneuvers, which were declared by the ground controllers to be system fluctuations.
Although there were minor problems with the fuel cell and propulsion during the mission, the science experiments were also successfully conducted. Only the micrometeorite collection experiment and the three space phenomenon photography experiments were not fully completed.