Mind reading with artificial intelligence; Should we do such a thing?

Until today, people only in their imaginations mind reading have thought and consider it impossible in practice; But apparently Artificial intelligence which has now become a versatile tool, can make the long-held dream of mind reading possible in a non-invasive way. AI system The new one, which we will be introduced to next, can understand what a person has read, heard or even imagined by scanning the brain information.

This system is part of a system Magnetic resonance imaging Or the same MRI imaging It was created by a team led by Alexander Huth, a computational neuroscientist from the University of Texas. Although creating A technology for mind reading It seems scary, but sometimes it is necessary and useful; Because some neurological diseases can take the power of speech from us gradually or one stroke It can deprive us of this ability in a moment. Do not hesitate to use Mind reading systems It is necessary to communicate with people who lack the power of speech and have vegetative life.

Of course, because each mind is unique, the system developed by Hath and his team can only be used to read the minds of one person after a few hours of training, and at least at the present time, it cannot be used to read the minds of several people with just one training session.

In addition to enabling mind reading, this system can provide better understanding brain function provide a new window for knowledge mental illnesses to create; Of course, researchers are worried that the day will come when there is no need to ask permission from humans to use this technology, and in this way, everything that goes on in the human mind – which is the last safe haven of privacy – will be revealed to everyone.

Hath was the first volunteer to test this system. He and two other volunteers sat motionless for 16 hours while listening to podcasts they found enjoyable, under the control of an fMRI imaging system that tracked brain activity through oxygenated blood flow.

The information obtained was used to train a system that developed a model to predict patterns of brain activity associated with different sequences of words. In the next step, the mentioned model was used in a trial and error period to reconstruct the information obtained from the brain scans of the subjects being tested. Also, in this test, the power of a version of ChatGPT to predict words that may be placed together in a sequence was also used.

fMRI imaging

Finally, the system was able to read the brain scan data and use this data to provide a summary of what the volunteers heard during the experiment; For example, when participants heard the sentence “I don’t have a driver’s license yet,” the system said, “He hasn’t even tried to learn to drive yet.” However, according to Hath, it is not clear which people the pronouns expressed by this system refer to and who did work for whom.

In another experiment, participants were shown silent videos and the system could infer what they were seeing. In one of these videos, a person kicked another person to the ground, and the brain scan system announced, “He knocked me down.” Although the referents of the pronouns are not clear, but with this sentence we can understand that the subject has severely harmed the object. In this experiment, the participants may have never thought of the words.

Jerry Tang, Hath’s colleague in this research, says that we are definitely dealing with something deeper than natural human language, and the amount of information in the brain is more than we thought.

It is interesting to know that trying to read minds is not an unreasonable and irrational action and scientists have been looking for such an achievement for a long time, and in 2021 researchers published an article in the New Yorker magazine and described the projects related to trying to read minds.

One of these is an initiative in Silicon Valley where fMRI imaging equipment is incorporated into a wearable gadget called thinking cap “thinking hat” is embedded. In this research, the participants put the thinking cap on their head along with several sensors. These sensors were used to record information about people’s environment in order to decipher their inner world in relation to each other and their minds.

Perhaps, in the future, the aforementioned sensors can be used even to read the minds of other animal species by humans. The availability of amazing technologies for mind reading has brought the time of such a great goal closer.

mind reading

Past events warn that profiteers can claim to benefit from Mind reading technologies harm other people and deceive them; For example, with this tactic, you can deceive juries, crime suspects, and job candidates and make them think that lie detectors are accurate tools for detecting lies; But the research of scientists has shown that the lie detector cannot detect lies as people think, and according to the results of their research, the brain does not work as we think.

On the other hand, the positive use of mind reading in cases such as restoring the power of speech to people who have lost this ability due to disease or brain damage, should be deeply investigated and thought about from an ethical point of view.

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