In the first meeting of the event “Persian domain names; “Internet for all”, the Deputy General Director of National Information Network Integration announced that about 10 top-level domains (new GTLD) were taken from Ikon with the amount of 180,000 dollars each, which do not have a successful market. According to him, among these domains, we can also refer to domains with Persian names, such as Dot Nowruz and Dot Pars, which are currently approved. These domains have been purchased by the private sector.
The first meeting of the event “Persian domain names; Internet for all”, under the title of basic concepts of the Internet for policymakers, policymaking and regulation of domain names, was held with the presence of the advisor of the Minister of Communications in international governance affairs, the deputy director general of the integration of the national information network and the head of the Irnik Center.
Behrouz Abbaszadeh, the Deputy Director General of the Integration of the National Information Network, emphasized the unsuitability of the new GTLD domain market and pointed out the purchase of these domains and said: “The concession of about 10 Persian domains from Icon with the amount of 180 thousand dollars each They got it, but they didn’t have a successful market.”
The Deputy General Director of National Information Network Integration also said: “These domains are in the hands of private companies.”
Recalling the problems related to the sanctions, Abbaszadeh said about the process of registering these domains: “The registration of these domains was not directly from the Islamic Republic of Iran due to the sanctions. Dot Nowruz and Dot Pars domains have been approved and are now in use. The verification process for the rest of the requested domains is also underway.”
Abbaszadeh also said about the rank of the .IR domain: “In the past, the rank of the .IR domain was above 20, but with the increase in the price of the currency, the acceptance of the .IR domain increased and reached the third rank, and currently this domain is in the ninth rank.”
Deputy Director General of National Information Network Integration, to the restriction of public top-level domains (GTLD) such as org. or com. Before 2010, he pointed out and said: “In order to increase the GTLD, several new GTLDs have been requested from Iran, such as Dot Nowruz, Dot Pars, Dot Persian Golf and Dot Halal.”
Domain registration in Farsi language has started
“Amin Sadeghi”, head of Irnik Center, announced that the domain registration center received its activity license from Icon in 1373: “This center officially started working with about 200 domains since 1380. Currently, about 1.8 million domains have been registered.
He also said about Irnik’s rank: “Among 246 CCTLDs (country code top-level domains), Irinik’s rank is between 20 and 30 in terms of the number of registered domains.”
According to Sadeghi, .IR domains are reserved for real, legal and government individuals.
The head of the Irnik Center said about the number of domains assigned by Irnik: “Approximately 1,200,000 domains have been assigned to real people and the rest, which is about 800,000, to legal entities. About 200 domains out of 800,000 domains of legal entities have been assigned to government bodies.
He said about the domain registration licenses in Farsi: “It has been several years since the domain registration center received the license for Iran’s .dot extension in Farsi, and this domain has been provided to government bodies, private companies and natural persons on a trial basis in three stages.”
According to Sadeghi, there are challenges in this regard: “Like we type the address in Farsi in the browser and it is supposed to be converted into the computer language. In addition, similarity with different languages has also created problems.
Insular licenses and lack of satisfaction of IT activists
Sadeghi also mentioned the challenges of the .IR domain registration center and said: “The importance of the domain as an asset for Iranian users is increasing. This is while we still have problems in the field of central legislation.”
Sadeghi pointed to the step-by-step notification of a series of regulations to the domain registration center and said: “For example, domains whose names contain words related to natural resources or historical centers must obtain permission from another institution for registration. “These insular licenses have made us angry with IT activists and our work routine has become difficult.”
According to him, in the last two years, the domain registration center is replacing subsystems and improving processes and updating them with new methods.
He also said: “In line with the efforts of the domain registration center in the last six months, an authentication system based on SMS has been launched. The order of the Supreme Council of Virtual Space also says that every person with a domain must be authenticated inside Iran so that the complaints of people who claim two domains will be reduced.
The necessity of developing a codified style sheet
Sadeghi emphasized that the domain registration center’s experience has made this body demand a central policy for Iran’s .DoT: “There should be a guideline so that the .Dot.IR domain registration center is less involved in related challenges. Is it not clear that if someone currently owns the classic and English domain of an institution, does he have the right to have the domain of the same institution in Farsi and with Iranian data?”
He pointed out the necessity of compiling this policy and said: “If this policy is prepared and submitted to the domain registration center, we can experience service delivery more easily and with less challenges. On the other hand, one of the challenges of the Persian domain is that there is no such thing as a space in these domains, and the writing of the domain is such that the words stick to each other, and this may be difficult for users.
Will Iran play a role in Ikon’s decisions?
The meeting continued with the explanations of “Hossein Mirzapour”, the advisor to the Minister of Communications in international governance affairs, about the international decision-making institutions in the field of Internet governance.
Mirzapour said about the international decision-making institutions in this area: “The World Telecommunication Union was formed before the United Nations and the basis of its formation was technical. Iran was one of the first members of this union. This organization is completely left over from the rule of the Internet, and Ikon has been established completely parallel to this organization in California.
According to him, finally the name of the United States of America government is mentioned in this and global platforms have issues that have become more serious than governments. Universal platforms are also the rulers of the future.
Mirzapour pointed out that the big loser in this issue is Europe, and said: “The problem of the world is that they want to be partners in the governance of the Internet, but Ikon does not respect the weight of countries.”
Emphasizing the importance of finding Iran’s role in this game, Mirzapour said: “We have to see if we want to talk academically like the Europeans in conferences and meetings, or do we decide to enter into a debate in Ikon’s decisions?” In our country, the answer to this question is not clear.